Sales & Maintenance Network
|The list is organized alphabetically
by country. the actual organization was usually by Areas. The profile of
Areas depended of the relations between Bull and its American partners.
In the 1960s, Italy and UK were managed directly by General Electric.
Mexico and Eastern Asia was added to Honeywell's control. In the late
1980s, North America, Italy and UK became dependent of the Paris
Significant divestitures occurred in the 1990s and the early 2000s. North American operations were sold in part to Wang Corporation and some European service operations sold to the French service company STERIA.
Before the independence obtained in 1962, Bull had a few punched cards installations in Algeria. Later, with the socialist orientation of the Algerian government, CII was, prior the CII-HB merger, a privileged supplier for administrations and university.
In 1933, Bull established an agent Sociedad Guillermo Kraft. It was replaced by a Bull-General Electric in 1965.
Bull, which had an agent, Katzinger, in 1933, established a sales subsidiary 1965
A subsidiary of CMB was established in 1939 as Société Belge des Machines Bull. On May 29th 1960 SBMB was renamed Bull-Belgique. Bull Belgique secured a large order from RTT Régie des Téléphones et Télégraphes for a Gamma 60.
a subsidiary was established in Brasil in 1960. Later (in the 1980s), this subsidiary established a partnership with ABC and eventually produced DPS-7 and DPS-7000 computers under the umbrella of government "buy Brazilian act".
Canada has always been integrated with the North American organization, eventually in NAP (North America and Pacific).
Bull and Honeywell Bull operations merged in 1991 and Greater China operations (PRC Hong Kong Taiwan) were managed from Beijing HQ.
Bull had at some time (in the early 1980s a complete de facto monopoly on the Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) in the administration and the oil industry.
A representative agent Koenig Petersen was established in 1947, replaced by a Bull-GE subsidiary in 1965
The distribution of GE, Honeywell and Bull products in Finland was done since 1962 through an agent Finska Kabelfabriken Nokia Oy. Around 1990, the data processing division of Nokia was sold to ICL of UK, a company owned by Fujitsu.
Among the countries of the former French Africa, Gabon was one of richest thanks to oil. Bull acquired in this country an important position by securing the contracts of Elf-Gabon and of government agencies.
The history of the German subsidiary
of Bull may be traced back to the World War II situation where the German
company Wanderer Werke was appointed by Third Reich administration as the
supervisor of Machines Bull and "imported" a substantial amount
of Bull's equipment in Germany.
In 1959, Bull establishes as agent Denxas and Trakas. A sales subsidiary was established in 1961
Note that the electronic company Videoton was a licensee of CII.
Bull established a partnership in the 1980s with PSI Computers of Bangalore in India. This partnership included manufacturing under license Bull DPS-7000 and subcontracting engineering and software maintenance to Indian engineers working in Les Clayes and Bangalore. PSI was plagued by financial difficulties that caused Bull increasing its stake in the common subsidiary. But eventually, Bull resold its participation to Indian interests.
Iran was before the Islamic Revolution an important customer for Honeywell. Honeywell had sold H-6000s for the Iran Imperial Air Force and other military institutions.
The Group representative in Israel, in the 1970s and the 1980s, was Honeywell through HIS Italia.
Bull had established a common
subsidiary with Olivetti on Dec 7th 1949, as a distributor of Compagnie
des Machines Bull card punch equipments. Olivetti-Bull also distributed
Gamma 3 and Gamma ET first generation computers. In 1961, Olivetti-Bull
sold to the large Milanese bank Credito Italiano one Gamma 60 large
Bull first involvement in Japan
started in 1962, when Bull concludes a distribution agreement with
Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha. The main achievement of that relation was the
installation of a Gamma 60 computer by Mitsubishi in 1963.
In 1953, an agent was established in
Mexico, Sociedad Equipos Contables Europeos SA. On April 10th 1963 French
subsidiary of Bull-General Electric, Bull de Mexico, was established in
Mexico. To satisfy Mexican interests a card equipment repair and refurbish
facility was established as a manufacturing plant.
Société Marocaine des Machines Bull was established in 1950
Bull was associated in Netherands with Komatec a small manufacturer, creating in July 1948, Bullatec that becomes a manufacturer of card sorters in Amsterdam for Bull. Eventually, when the Lyon plant was closed all sorters were manufactured in Amsterdam. In 1958, Bullatec was renamed Bull Netherlands.
Norway was the cradle of Machines
In 1955 Compagnie des machines Bull created a sales subsidiary Compagnie portugaise des Machines Bull.
Bull, until the 1980s did not have a
representative in the capital of USSR, and did sell in that country from
the Paris headquarters. Systems maintenance was done by the "customer",,
that sent people for training in Paris. Important contracts were concluded:
Gosbank in Moscow and Leningrad, Tass Agency in Moscow, Togliatti car
Bull was represented in 1951 by an agent Guillermo Truniger. a subsidiary Sociedad Guillermo Truniger. In 1961, a subsidiary was established Sociedad Anonimo Bull de España.
Bull established an agent in 1950 and a subsidiary in 1959. This subsidiary was consolidated with a subsidiary of RCA in the early 1960s. Shortly before the acquisition by General Electric, in 1964, ASEA ordered a GE-635 that was the first delivery of that line in Europe.
Compagnie des Machines Bull started
to sell card equipment in UK by selling, in OEM, some machines to British
Tabulating Machines, an heir of Hollerith Company. In 1959, it establish a
joint venture with the printing company De La Rue, named De La Rue
Machines Bull (DLPBM) that sold Series 150 equipments. In 1963, Bull reduced its equity in that
Bull products were not distributed in
USA before 1948, when Remington Rand acquired distribution rights for some
Bull punched card equipments. A New-York bureau Bull Corporation of
America established in 1960, was a liaison office and manages OEM sales of
In 1948, Bull established Sociedad Guillermo Kraft del Uruguay as a sales agent; in 1963, Compagnie des machines Bull established a direct subsidiary.
The former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a geographical area allocated to the Italian subsidiary of Bull, so there were representatives of Olivetti-Bull, GEISI and HIS Italy staying in Beograd. In the 1960s a disc based Gamma 30 was installed in Elektroinvest, the electric components manufacturer at Sarajevo (presently Bosnia-Herzegovina).
There are some countries where direct sales of GE, Honeywell and Bull products have been inexistent.
Revision : 17 février 2003.